The jewellery collection of Ajuda Palace was built with pieces from different provenances. The "Crown Jewels" group was owned by the State, and it was to be worn exclusively by incumbent sovereigns. Created in 1827, following the distribution of the estate of D. João VI, it was at the service of successive monarchs until the establishment of the Republic in 1910, and it also includes the jewels on display in section 5: Royal Insignia.
The Ajuda Palace collection is also composed of dozens of jewellery objects which were the private property of Portuguese sovereigns and royal family members between the 17th and 20th centuries.
Italy, Rome, ca. 1860-1862 Fortunato Pio Castellani (1794-1865) Wood, silk, silver
Gift from the municipality of Rome to D. Maria Pia of Savoy on the occasion of her marriage to king D. Luís, in 1862. The casket contains 33 Roman-style jewels, crafted mainly from gold but also from other materials such as gems, micro-mosaic or ivory, and also including Greek and Roman coins.
Italy, Turin, 19th century (2nd half) Musy Padre e Figli Pearls, diamonds, silver, gold
Gift from king Victor Emannuel II to his daughter D. Maria Pia on the occasion of her marriage to D. Luís in 1862. This jewel was sold at the auction that disposed of queen D. Maria Pia's jewels and silver, held by the Bank of Portugal in July 1912, and it was acquired by the Portuguese State in 1998.